Analysis of Downfall of Pakistan Cricket

Pakistan is a member of the International Cricket Council and has professional teams representing in Test cricket, One Day International and Twenty20 matches. Pakistan are the ICC Cricket World Cup 1992 champions, ICC U-19 Cricket World Cup champions twice in 2004 and in 2006 making them the first and the only team to become back to back champions in the U-19 Cricket World Cup tournaments and they are also the ICC World Twenty20 2009 champions. Pakistan have been semi finalist 3 times in the ICC Champions Trophy in 2000, 2004 and 2009.After gaining independence from the British Empire in 1946, Pakistan cricket was played before the first Pakistan national team was granted test match playing status. Documentation and archives show that during the 18th century, cricket was played on the western part of India and many successful Indian cricketers played for the English cricket team.

[2] It was not until 28 July 1952 that Pakistan started playing test match cricket. Their first match took place in Delhi against India on October of the same year.Their first international tour was to England during 1954. Over the half century, Pakistan has become one of the most challenging and unpredictable teams in the world, the team won the 1992 Cricket World Cup and were runners up in the 1999 Cricket World Cup. The country has produced several world-class players such as Fazal Mahmood, Hanif Mohammad, Sarfaraz Nawaz, Mushtaq Mohammad, Imran Khan, Javed Miandad, Abdul Qadir, Wasim Akram, Inzamam-ul-Haq, Saeed Anwar, Waqar Younis, Mohammad Yousuf and Shoaib Akhtar.As of October 2007, the Pakistani team has played 332 Test matches, winning 30.

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29%, losing 26. 76% and drawing 42. 94% of its games. The team is ranked sixth in the ICC Test Championship and fourth place in the ICC ODI Championship. [5] On 28 August 2006, Pakistan won its debut Twenty20 International match in England and were runners up in the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 in September 2007. They won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20, beating Sri Lanka by eight wicketsFollowing the Partition of India in 1947 and the establishment of the separate province of Pakistan, cricket in the country developed steadily and Pakistan was given Test match status at a meeting of the Imperial Cricket Conference at Lord’s Cricket Ground in England on 28 July 1952 following recommendation by India, which, being the successor state of the British Raj, did not have to go through such a process.

The first captain of the Pakistan national cricket team was Abdul Kardar.Pakistan’s first Test match was played in Delhi in October 1952 as part of a five Test series which India won 2-1. Pakistan made their first tour of England in 1954 and drew the series 1-1 after a memorable victory at The Oval in which fast bowler Fazal Mahmood took 12 wickets. Pakistan’s first home Test match was in Dacca in January 1955 against India, after which four more Test matches were played in Bahawalpur, Lahore, Peshawar and Karachi (all five matches in the series were drawn, the first such occurrence in test history. 986 Australasia Cup The 1986 Australasia Cup, played in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates, is remembered as a famous last-ball victory for Pakistan against arch-rivals India, with Javed Miandad emerging as a national hero.

India batted first and set a target of 245 runs, leaving Pakistan with a required run rate of 4. 92 runs per over. Javed Miandad came in to bat at number 3 and Pakistan lost wickets at regular intervals. Later recalling the match, Miandad stated that his main focus was to lose with dignity.With 31 runs needed in the last three overs, Miandad hit a string of boundaries while batting with his team’s lower order, until four runs were required from the last delivery of the match.

Miandad received a leg side full toss from Chetan Sharma, which he hit for six over the midwicket boundary. 1992 Cricket World Cup Main article: 1992 Cricket World Cup At the 1992 World Cup Semi Final, having won the toss, New Zealand chose to bat first and ended with a total of 262 runs. Pakistan batted conservatively yet lost wickets at regular intervals.With the departure of Imran Khan and Saleem Malik shortly thereafter, Pakistan still required 115 runs at a rate of 7. 67 runs per over with veteran Javed Miandad being the only known batsman remaining at the crease.

A young Inzamam-ul-Haq, who had just turned 22 and was not a well-known player at the time, burst onto the international stage with a match-winning 60 off 37 balls. Once Inzamam got out, Pakistan required 36 runs from 30 balls, which wicketkeeper Moin Khan ended with a towering six over long off, followed by the winning boundary to midwicket.The match is seen as the emergence of Inzamam onto the international cricket. The 1992 Cricket World Cup in Australia and New Zealand marked Pakistan’s first World Cup victory. It is remembered for the comeback Pakistan made after losing key players such as Waqar Younis and Saeed Anwar and being led by an injured captain in Imran Khan.

Pakistan lost 4 of their first 5 matches and were nearly eliminated in the first round of the tournament after being bowled out for 74 runs against England, until the match was declared as a “no result” due to rain.Imran Khan famously told the team to play as “cornered tigers”, after which Pakistan won five successive matches, including, most famously, the semi-final against hosts New Zealand and the final against England. 2007 Cricket World Cup The 2007 Cricket World Cup was one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history when Pakistan was knocked out of the competition in a shock defeat to Ireland, who were playing in their first competition. Pakistan, needing to win to qualify for the next stage after losing to the West Indies in their opening match, were put into bat by Ireland.They lost wickets regularly and only 4 batsmen scored double figures.

In the end they were bowled out by the Irish for 132 runs. The Irish went on to win the match, after Niall O’Brien scored 72 runs. This meant that Pakistan had been knocked out during the first round for the second consecutive World Cup. [14]HYPERLINK l “cite_note-14″[15]HYPERLINK l “cite_note-15″[16] Tragedy struck the team when coach Bob Woolmer died one day later on 18 March 2007 in a hospital in Kingston, Jamaica.Jamaican police spokesman, Karl Angell, reported on 23 March 2007 that, “Mr Woolmer’s death was due to asphyxiation as a result of manual strangulation” and that, “Mr Woolmer’s death is now being treated by the Jamaica police as a case of murder.

” Assistant coach Mushtaq Ahmed acted as temporary coach for the team’s final group game of the tournament. Subsequent to his team’s defeat and the death of Woolmer, Inzamam-ul-Haq announced his resignation as captain of the team and his retirement from one-day cricket, stating that he would continue to take part in Test cricket but not as captain. was announced as his successor.Following his return to the squad, was appointed as vice-captain until December 2007. On 23 March 2007, Pakistan players and officials were questioned by Jamaican police and submitted DNA samples along with fingerprints, as part of the routine enquiries in the investigation into Woolmer’s murder. Three days after leaving the West Indies for Pakistan, via London, the Pakistan team were ruled out as suspects.

The deputy commissioner of Jamaican police. Mark Shields, the detective in charge of the investigation, announced, “It’s fair to say they are now being treated as witnesses. ” “I have got no evidence to suggest it was anybody in the squad. A memorial service was held in Sacred Heart Church, Lahore, for Bob Woolmer on 1 April 2007. Among the attendees were Pakistan players and dignitaries, including Inzamam-ul-Haq, who was quoted as saying, “After Woolmer’s family, the Pakistan team was the most aggrieved by his death. ” After the World Cup ended, serious doubts were raised about the investigation, with increasing speculation that Woolmer died of natural causes.

Gaddafi stadium- Lahore. On 20 April 2007, a PCB official announced that former Test cricketer Talat Ali would act as interim coach, in addition to his role as team manager, until a new coach had been appointed. 26] On 16 July 2007, Geoff Lawson, previously head coach of New South Wales, was appointed coach of the Pakistan for two years, becoming the third foreigner to take on the role. [27] In the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, Pakistan exceeded expectations to reach the final but ended as runners-up, after losing the final to India in a nail-biting finish. On 25 October 2008, Intikhab Alam was named as a national coach of the team by the PCB. 2009 ICC World T20 On 21 June 2009 Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20, beating Sri Lanka in the final by eight wickets.

Pakistan had begun the tournament slowly losing two of their first three matches but after dismissing New Zealand for 99 runs in the Super 8 stage they had a run of four consecutive wins including beating previously unbeaten South Africa, in the semi-final and Sri Lanka. DOWNFALL OF PAKISTANI CRICKET : Inspite of the splended history and acheivements of Pakistan in the field of cricket, it is facing today the severe downfall for the last 2. 5 years. 1. Pakistan has lost marginally almost of important international cricket series and events in the last 3 years. 2.

Pakistani cricket had been aleged Both nationaly and internationally for the Match fixing and now spot fixing as well. Some of the pakistani cricketers have also been Banned and some have heavily fined for the same. Analysis of Some of the issues Pretaining to the downfall of the Pakistani cricket. The overall downfall of any organization is never a single factor anyways, it involves a number of management perspectives, As PCB does not follows as of todate even the Main organizational Management paractices which is being required as to run a very small enterprise.The Main perspectives for the downfall of the Pakistani cricket is the ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUE : Pakistan cricket Board had always been in many ups and down regarding the Organizational Management perspectives. The core organizational issues which has raised many a questions on PCB are a).

Who will appoint the Chairman of Pakistan Cricket Board? As of today the chairman of pakistan cricket Board is being appointed By the President of Pakistan, and it is evident that this hiring is always being politicised. b) What is the Job specification of the Chairman Pakistan cricket Board?As we have seen that during Military Regime the appointed Chairmen were former Millitary officers, and during the civilian regime in pakistan, persons having political affiliations had been appointed as the chairmen of PCB, having no prior experience of Sports or cricket. c). To whom the Chairman of pakistan cricket Board is reporting to ? It is also being seen that the chairman of pakistan cricket board is directly reporting to the President of Pakistan, whereas the chairman and president both of them have not got the cricket background anyways.If even it is , then where are in the hierarchy lies the other functions of the state e.

g Ministry of sport ? d). What is the financial transparency and accountability of PCB? To what limit the Chairman of pakistan cricket board can issue the funds within the organization ? This is not mentioned in the Constitution of PCB ? Who is responsible for taking necessary actions and holds investigations against any financial misconduct in PCB, If it is pointed out By Auditor General’s annual reports.As it is evident that in the Auditors Generals annual report 2008-2009, there was indicated a corruption of 5 Million PKR, And there was no action taken in this regard By any of the state Body. As the Chairman of the PCB Of the stated period Gen Naseem Ashraf had resigned and taken exile in UK.?? e). Tolerance of PCB Towards the Corruption in Pakistani Cricket.

? It is also evident that when ever the charges of corruption on the cricketers are aleged, PCB has either not investigated it in its true letter and spirit, or never publicised its findings or PCB Has taken a linient view in this regard.Moreover the the players convicted for match fixing and banned for three years were selected in the Cricket team short after the panelty is being imposed. The most recent Example of it is return of three players in cricket team after bann is being imposed on them 1. Shaid Afridi who was paneltised for 1 year bann for Ball tempring and soon returned in team after 3 months. (he is captain of pakistan National team as of Today). 2.

Muhammad asif who was being Paneltised for Match fixing, and Drug usage soon retured back in the team ( he is Part of the Pakistan test cricket team as of today) 3. Kamran akmal and omer akmal who were banned and fined for the conviction of match fixing during the Recent australia tour, returned to the team after 4 Months. ( Both of them are part of pakistani national team as of today). 4. So nevertheless an organization who has tolerence towards corruption is conventionaly taken as itself a corrupt organization, where the Management has joined hands all along with the corrupt elements.Findings: The overall downfall in the Cricket in pakistan is an ORGANIZATIONAL CORRUPTION, From top to down the line, even if some of the officials of PCB Is not involved in the corruption themselves, though tolerence and adaptability towards the corruption in or around anyone is nevertheless a corruption itself, This is internationaly an open secret now, for which the warning and deadline given to PCB From ICC for ‘ action clean up’ on Oct 14, 2010 is self explanatory…..! Top story- OCT 14, 2010- The Hindu (New Delhi)ICC warns PCB of sanctions if it fails to ‘clean up act’ within 30 days Lahore, Oct 14 : Taking serious note of the continuing decline in the governance of cricket in Pakistan, the International Cricket Council (ICC) in its two-day board meeting in Dubai gave out a clear message to the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) that it should either buck up and sort out the game’s administration within a month or be ready to face the consequences, potentially in the form of sanctions ( The hindu ).