American Pageant Ultimate Study Guide for American Revolution

1. Change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved compelling the American colonists to shoulder some of the financial costs of the empire. 2. When it came to the revolution, it could be said that the American colonists were reluctant revolutionaries. 3.

The American colonial exponents of republicanism argued that a just society depends on the willingness of all citizens to subordinate their private interests to the common good. 4.Mercantilists believed that a country’s economic wealth could be measured by the amount of gold and silver in its treasury 8. Under the mercantilist system, the British government reserved the right to do all of the following regarding the American colonies except preventing the colonies from developing militias 14. The British Parliament passed the Stamp Act to raise money to support new military forces needed for colonial defense. 16.

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Unlike the Stamp Act, the Sugar Act and the Townshend Act were both indirect taxes on trade goods arriving in American ports. 18.Colonists objected to the Stamp Acts because parliament passed the tax, not the colonists. 25. Boston Tea Party, Quebec Act, meeting of the first continental congress, and the crash at Lexington and Concord happened in that order. 27.

As the Was for Independence began, Britain had the advantage of overwhelming national wealth and naval power. 28. The battles of Lexington and Concord were significant because they marked the first organized battles between British regulars and colonial militiamen and ended any hopes for a peaceful resolution to the disagreement between England and its colonies. 9. Many Whigs in Britain hoped for an American victory in the War for Independence because they feared that if George III triumphed, his rule at home might become tyrannical. 33.

By the end of the War for Independence, a few thousand American regular troops were finally able to compete with the British. 34. When the Second Continental Congress met in 1775, there was no well-defined sentiment for independence. 36. The Revolutionary War began with fighting in New England; then in 1777-1778, fighting was concentrated in the middle colonies; and fighting concluded in the South 37.

The colonists delayed declaring their independence until July 4, 1776, for al of the following reasons except lack of military victories 38. One purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to condemn Parliament for its actions, 40. The resolution that “These United colonists are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states…” was introduced into the Second Continental Congress by Virginian delegate Richard Henry Lee