Dance History Study Guide

Professional dancers of both genders emerged. Their innovations in developing ballet separated it into a singular art form.

– Different styles of ballet were developed (opera-ballet, ballet pantomime, ballet d’action) – Female dancers changed the game and norms of performing ballet Francoise Prevost – Showed a glimpse of the dramatic direction French ballet would later take. TEACHER OF MARIE COMARGO AND MARIE SALLE Marie Comargo – quick, intricate footwork. Shortened her skirt to see her feet and wore slippers Marie Salle – Wore a simple, draped dress and her hair down

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Opera-Ballet – extension and development; social dance forms Ballet Pantomime – Storytelling through gesture or theatrical form; dramatic action Ballet d’action – told a story through dance and mime; next step in ballet development Gaeten Vestris – Assumed the title of “God of Dance” from Dupre. His style and technique was extraordinary, making him a leading dancer in Europe. Maximilien Gardel – Gaeten’s rival.

Removed the mask as to not be mistaken for him. Pioneer of ballet pantomime Lettres sur La Danse et sur Les Ballets: -Written by: Jean Georges Noverre He is important because: he was a dancer, teacher, composer and ballet master -2 main ideas: – Scenery, music and plot should all be unified – Pantomime needed to be simpler and more understandable. 5 major changes in ballet and the theater during the 19th century: – Ballroom dance was developed – Gas lighting allowed dim effect – – – Marie Taglioni – Daughter of Filippo Taglioni, embodiment of spirit of romanticism, her debut was dancing in her father’s ballet Filippo Taglioni – Born in Milan, ballet master, created a new style of dance that featured the female dancer’s elevation and mystical qualities

Jean Coralli – produced Giselle, dancer, choreographer, and dance master, choreographed La Peri Carlos Blasis – developed the ballet position of attitude, distinguished three types of dancers: the serious, the demi caractere, and the comic dancer, the most important teacher of the 19th century. Marius Pepita – Swan Lake, principle dancer in Paris, demanded strong male dancers Enrico Cecchetti – created logical progression of class excersizes, balanced allegro and adagio parts of the class, dancer, mime, and teacher. 3 elements of the romantic ballet form: – 2 act form – plot centered on a love triangle or story of unrequited love dramatic action of character is extremely emotional and melodramatic Explain 4-part structure of the grand pas de deux: – Part I – Adaglio – couple, slow turns and lifts – Part II – Male Variation – male solo – Part III – Female variation – female solo – Part IV – Finale or Coda – couple, quick jumps and lifts La Sylphide: – Choreographed by: Filippo Taglioni – Composed by: – 1832 – man in love with a woman, but she is set to marry another man Pas de Quatre: – Choreographed by: Jules Perrot – Composed by: – 1845 – plotless, 4 ballerinas dance, each taking turns to have a solo French and Industrial Revolution: