Sociocultural Issues

Consider coloratura Issues in a counseling case study. Introduction In this assignment I will provide a fictional case study of a counseling client with Issues relating to fear and sadness and then consider how their Individual problems might be located In the social context In which the clients are embedded. The case study will clearly focus on coloratura issues, such as culture, race, gender, sexuality, etc.

It will look at how useful it can be to recognize how important coloratura issues can be when considering individual distress.

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The main focus this assignment will be drawing on with regards to coloratura issues will be, race, culture and sexuality. The counseling approach being used will be person centered therapy. The Case Study is based on 32 year old woman who is mixed race and gay. She suffers anxiety around men which is the result of an Intimidating, dominant father and verbal abuse from men regarding her sexuality. Case Study Alex Is a mixed race 32 year old woman from the North-West of England but Is currently living In London.

She moved to London when she was 19 with her then boyfriend for a Job she had been offered. Alex told me she Is from a working class background but when she first came to London she was living a very middle class life style which she always felt uncomfortable with. Alex states that after 6 years of living what she calls “that life” she realized she was gay. This resulted in her relationship ending and leaving her job and life behind to embark on her new life in the gay community. Alex said her parents (Father Jamaican, Mother English) are supportive.

Neither she nor her parents are religious.

Alex came to us via self-referral for help grading her anxiety issues. She suffered a controlling, dominant, intimidating father and now suffers verbal and sometimes physical abuse from men, she feels, because she Is gay. Her father was intimidating towards everyone in the family especially her mother. As a result of this she adopted the role of her mother’s career and protector Glenn her love, reassurance and emotional support that was never returned to her leaving her feeling very scared and vulnerable.

Alex states that her fear of men in general is immense and that her true lifestyle which she is now living s increasing that fear as most of the abuse she is subjected to, is from men. She also states that living in the gay community sometimes makes her feel like a minority within a minority because she is mixed race.

She likened it to growing up mixed race and not completely fitting in with whites or blacks and felt rejected by both. Alex made a self-referral to our agency to seek help with her anxiety. The approach used when working with Alex was person centered therapy.

Alex actively sought out this approach feeling it is more open minded compared to old traditionalist such as psychoanalytical. Relating coloratura Issues to the client In society today, there are hierarchies with regard to race, gender (status), sexuality, (disc)ability, age, mental health and class. You are considered “normal” if you are upper classes.

In light of this, Barker points out that, when we are part of the norm we often don’t even see that aspect of our identity, but when we are in the other group we may be all too aware of it. (Barker, 2010) (Barker, 2010, p. 14) It has been argued by, feminist, multicultural and LIGHT affirmative therapists that such norms are present in mainstream psychotherapy and counseling. We all know that the main approaches of today all emerged in a western context and were largely founded by straight men. Barker asks: Can counseling theories and practices be usefully applied to people outside these groups, without reinforcing the notion that their members are lesser or problematic in some way? (Barker, 2010) (Barker, 2010, p. 21 5) In answer to Barkers question, it could be argued that, the psychotherapists and counselors of today are Just that, of today.

We all live in a modern world and know much off the coloratura aspects that come with it. When we try to treat a client rely as an individual this can result in the loss of the experience of being different. Barker states that traditional therapeutic approaches have been critiqued by multicultural, feminist and lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LIGHT) affirmative therapists for their individualist stances. (Barker, 2010) (Barker, 2010, p. 212) It is said that, they regularly fail to see how important culture, gender and sexuality are.

Barker states that today, the majority of counselors and psychotherapists are white, middleman’s, heterosexual women, and this group also makes up the bulk of clients. Given this, how easy is it for other people to access counseling, or to experience it without power differences between counselor and client being exacerbated in ways that are unhelpful? (Barker, 2010) (Barker, 2010, p. 21 5) This statement/question throws earlier claims of male superiority within psychotherapy up in the air and also highlights the changes that have come about in modern times with women now dominating the industry.

This argument again supports the fact that as an industry, we are evolving and moving with the times to keep things relevant for our clients so they don’t deem us unhelpful or exacerbating. On the other hand it could also be argued that counseling that is readily available through agencies and therapy centers still have counselors who operate in a similar ways to the founders of such approaches. LIGHT, feminist and multicultural style therapy has not penetrated the mainstream as such yet which is maybe why minority groups such as feminist, multicultural and LIGHT clients do not feel their needs are being met.

This is illustrated when lesbian/gay people are questioned about their sexuality, when a straight person probably never would be or when a white person looks in the mirror, hey don’t see their whiteness but for black people, that is all they see because they feel it is what makes them different. However it could be argued that because black people choose to focus on the fact that they are black, they could be in fact choosing to feel different. This would lead us to believe that if they did not focus on their skin color, it would not be an issue for them.

Unfortunately for Alex, her skin color was a point of focus throughout her life but not Just from one side, from both making it twice as more hurtful, lonely and scary for her. Barker cites that in Laud’s (2005) duty, she found many links between being mixed race and having depression.

The study found that many of the women who participated struggled with exclusion from both black and white cultures. (Barker, 2010) (Barker, 2010, p. 219) It was found that good enough.

It would also be difficult to talk to anybody about their struggles, even their parents couldn’t fully understand as each one would have been of either race and not know what it was like to be mixed race. As Barker indicated, It is vital that counselors and psychotherapists reflect upon the assumptions and beliefs we hold bout race, culture, gender, sexuality, (disc)ability, age, class and all other coloratura issues, so that we can approach counseling with an awareness of what we bring (based on our background and identity) and how we may view and treat people of similar, or different, backgrounds and identities. Barker, 2010) (Barker, 2010, p.

212) When a client is the minority within our society, it is imperative that we try to have an understanding of how this has an impact on them as it would be related to their experience of fear and sadness. Describing myself as a counselor If I was a counselor working with Alex I would try to make her feel as comfortable as possible in the therapy room. My first point of call would be to build a rapport and gain her trust, whilst being open minded and non-judgmental.

I would suggest two maybe three one to one sessions with Alex to get a clear picture of what is distressing her and then (if Alex was willing) introduce her into one of two group settings. The first group would be made up of other females of minorities and the second a group for anyone consisting of men and women with similar and different issues. The choice would be hers.

I would also advise that she could split her contracted time between the two groups, spending 18 months in each. In our first session, I would make her aware of the type of counseling I would be using, which would be person centered therapy.

I believe Alex would benefit from person centered therapy as she expressed that she wanted to steer away from the traditional therapy and as Dyke’s expressed, The humanistic approaches to counseling draw upon the values and ideas of ‘humanistic psychology, also known as the third force’ in psychology because it emerged as a reaction against the mechanistic, reductionism and determinist harries of the two prevailing psychologies in the mid-twentieth century: behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Barker, 2010) p. 103 As a counselor working with Alex, I would be human and transparent which would enable Alex to see that I am open to grow as a result of my experience with her, which in turn would enable me to help Alex not only relieve her distress but transform for the better.

Alex presented to us with issues surrounding her father, her being mixed race and now being gay. To gather insight I would ask Alex to start where she felt she should in regard to telling me about these issues.

My thinking would be that whichever came first could be the most troubling for her right now, although I would keep in mind that in fact the opposite could be true and so I would Just have to feel it out with her. Alex outlined her being mixed race as a source of distress because it made her feel she was never good enough to fully belong. Dyke’s stated that, Rogers argued that human beings have a basic need for approval. (Barker, 2010) chapter 5 p.

09 Alex was denied such a basic human need and so the result is she feels isolated, neglected and misunderstood. Alex has developed a self-concept that defines her very being in the oral. Self-concepts are made up of conditions of worth which are created by parents, past and social experiences. Beam’s (1975) classic research found that ‘androgynous’ people (those who showed both culturally ‘masculine’ and feminine’ gender roles. Cited in (Barker, 2010) p.

224 Alex is confused by her feelings about her gender.

She knows she is a woman and has no desire to change that, but since being in the gay community she feels an almost opposite pressure to be less attractive and almost “man like”. She states that she is often mistaken as being a man and is not sure how to feel about this. As a counselor, I would get a sense that although Alex does not want to be a man she in some way likes being seen as one, which would lead me to believe that she almost feels safer and less threatened when these mistaking take place.

Alex has short hair and she wears man’s clothes. It is important that therapists work with clients’ own gendered experiences.

There is a long history, to this day, of the psychiatric profession pathologist those who are not gendered (Clarke, Ellis, Peel and Riggs, 2009). Cited in (Barker, 2010) p. 224 Conclusion This assignment has produced a fictional cases study of a 32 year old mixed race gay Oman and has outlined how those facts have affected her and her life.

It was believed that person centered therapy would be best suited because of its labels approach which for a women who has spent her life being labeled and subjected to negatives because of those labels would be a positive change. We have looked how coloratura issues relate to personal issues for people such as Alex and how to be aware of them whilst working with clients that are affected by them. The description of myself as a counselor showed how I would work with a client like Alex and how being in therapy would aid her.

Word count: 2088 References Sage Publications Ltd.

Self Reflection I found this assignment very interesting and enjoyed it. I think it was because it was a more creative assignment which enabled me to use my own thoughts a lot more. Also I think I may have a better understanding of what is expected of my assignment’s regarding writing style and referencing and hope to be told weather IM correct in thinking this or not. The most difficult aspect of it was deciding which approach to use. I wanted it to be the best suited for the clients issues but was worried it would be considered my out and out FAA which IM not decided on yet, it’s a possibility.