Topic Gateway Series Strategic position Strategic Position Topic Gateway series no.
44 Prepared by Gillian Lees and Technical Information Service 1 March 2008 About Topic Gateways Topic Gateways are intended as a refresher or introduction to topics of interest to CIMA members. They include a basic definition, a brief overview and a fuller explanation of practical application. Finally they signpost some further resources for detailed understanding and research. Topic Gateways are available electronically to CIMA Members only in the CPD Centre on the CIMA website, along with a number of electronic resources.
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[email protected] com www. cimaglobal. com 2 Strategic Definition The strategic position is concerned with the impact on strategy of the external environment, internal resources and competences, and the expectations and influence of stakeholders.
Together, a consideration of the environment, strategic capability, the expectations and the purposes within the cultural and political framework of the organisation provides a basis for understanding the strategic osition of an organisation. Johnson and Scholes, 2005 It is important to take account of the future and to assess whether the current strategy is a suitable fit with the strategic position.
If not, the organisation needs to determine what changes it needs to make and whether it is capable of effecting such changes.
In summary, the strategic position forms an integral part of the strategic management process. It informs the strategic choices that need to be made and subsequently implemented. Context In the current syllabus, CIMA students will learn and may be examined on this topic n paper 6, Management Accounting, Business Strategy and paper 10, Test of Professional Competence in Management Accounting (TOPCIMA). Related concepts CIMA Strategic Scorecard ; competitor analysis; benchmarking; strategic planning; corporate strategy.
Related topic gateways are the CIMA Strategic Scorecard , Key Approaches and Trends in Strategy and Strategic Analysis Tools.
TM TM 3 Overview As indicated above, there are three key aspects of strategic position, all of which have a powerful influence on the organisation’s strategy: the external environment the rganisation’s strategic capability in terms of its resources and competences culture and ethical values of the organisation and stakeholder influences.
The real art of understanding strategic position is in being aware of the linkages between these three aspects, how they change over time and how they can be integrated to create value. Johnson and Scholes point out that a successful organisation Will have found a way of operating such that environmental forces, organisational resources and competences, and stakeholder expectations mutually reinforce one another’ (ibid). The crucial point to remember is that the best understanding of the strategic position counts for nothing unless the organisation can use the knowledge effectively to develop and implement a successful strategy.
Prior to the 1990s, strategic management tended to focus on the interface between strategy an d the external environment in which the organisation operated.
However, during the 1990s, the emphasis shifted towards internal factors or the ‘resource based view which stressed the role of the organisation’s resources and capabilities as the principal basis for its strategy. The organisation can exploit its unique ollection of resources and competences to gain competitive advantage and in a way that is difficult for competitors to imitate.
Application There are a number of tools and techniques that organisations can use to understand their strategic position. Many are listed in the Strategic Planning topic gateway. In respect of strategic position, it is important that: The organisation needs to use the resulting information effectively. It needs to be discussed, debated and challenged so that the implications can be understood.
4 The organisation might need to develop its own tools and techniques to understand ts position effectively. The tools and techniques listed below are only a means to an end.