Social Structure of the Chimpanzee Case study
High stress chimps should show high levels of stress hormones in their feces. Low stress chimps should show low levels of stress hormones in their feces. 4.
Dry. Hahn and her associates are specific ally collecting fecal pellets. Why do you think Dry. Hahn is interested in the contents of fecal pellets? Generate a list of the possible “contents” of fecal matter. Nutrients from earlier consumption of food will shown in feces, giving evidence of their lifestyle Feces show traces of DNA or RNA 25% of the feces is solid matter, 30% of this solid matter is dead bacteria 5.
How might the social structure of the chimpanzee community influence what is contained in the fecal matter? How might chimp social interactions influence what is contained in the fecal pellets or how they are distributed on the forest floor? Social structure to the chimp community would not be shown much in the chimps fecal matter, because both men and women share food no matter their rank so the nutrients would be virtually the same between each chimp. Chimp communities is also made of closely related chimps so their bacteria will be similar throughout the community.
1 .What is it about chimpanzee society that may have contributed to the spread of the Siva virus? Females that leave their group to venture to another group when they come fertile spread the SIVA viruses throughout different societies.
If the virus found in captive Western chimpanzees is the same virus found in wild Nester chimpanzees, how would you be able to verify this? What types of techniques might be employed? What types of data would be desired? If a captive and wild western chimp has the same SIVA virus, comparing the RNA sequence of the lorries could help verify this. To do this, you could do a sequence analysis to find the RNA sequences of the chimps.
3. What might scientists gain from knowing the location of the origin of hive? By knowing the origin, they might be able to find a direct Nay to treat the virus incase someone was infected or even work on finding a cure for HIVE.
How might Siva have “Jumped” from a chimpanzee to a human? Outline the series of events that would have led to the origin of hive from an Siva ancestor. Zionism: a disease that can be transmitted from humans to animals. Different ways this could possibly happen would include: a hunter hunting a chimp the chimp biting the hunter and then their bloods come in contact
5. What methodology might Dry. Hahn use to detect the Siva in the fecal droppings? (Hint: it is he same way that we test humans for the presence of hive. ) SIVA analysis in chimps (T- REEL amplified ass radar) testing Antibodies 5.
The researchers are engaged in field, or basic, science. They are studying the virus and collecting data in order to more fully understand the virus: knowledge for the sake of understanding.
What value do you place in this type of research? Explain your thoughts. This type of research is very valuable. This type of research is the most accurate and best way to fully understand the virus.
It may be time consuming but it IS the best way to study the virus.
1. Define evolution. There are many parameters and conditions that need to be in place in order for evolution to occur. One such parameter is that the population trait in question must be variable.
I. E. , there will be lariats of a trait found in the population. What are some additional parameters and conditions necessary for evolution to take place? Evolution: the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth. Other conditions necessary for evolution would include mutation, gene flow, and non-random mating
2. Define microinstruction.
How does a selective agent lead to microinstruction within a population? Microinstruction: evolutionary change within a species or small group of organisms, especially over a short period. Basically, microinstruction studies small changes in alleles that occur within a population. Over time, these small changes can accumulate, resulting in major differences within the population.
Hahn and her colleague Dry. Gould believe that the fact that aids appeared as an epidemic in the 20th century and not before is due to a combination of factors such as more roads providing greater access to forested areas, arbitration, restitution, social disruption, and other socio-behavioral changes. Why would these factors lead to an epidemic? These factors give people easier access to areas that are more AIDS accessible, and those people that travel to areas like that spread the AIDS virus throughout the others in their community, causing an epidemic.
4. The team of researchers found different prevalence of Siva in the different chimpanzee communities.
What is the significance of this finding? The significance of these findings is that the SIVA virus is that there are different forms of this virus, so not all Chimps are getting the same thing in the same way.
5. Distinguish between applied science and basic science. Is one more important to society than the other or are they equally important? Explain your answer. Basic Science: research for knowledge’s sake because perhaps it may become useful later Applied Science: the research is used to solve or alter something, learn of an area’s terrain to understand what plant it is suitable for. Both are equally important to society because they both give us necessary different information that we couldn’t find another way.