In this reading, we got to know how Frederick Winslow Tailor’s scientific management theory enabled Ford to develop the assembly line and successfully realize his goal of bringing car travel to the masses. During the early 20th century, Frederick Winslow Taylor developed a number of management and organizational theories that led to significant breakthroughs in business practices. Since that era, levels of industrial manufacturing have grown exponentially throughout much of the world. Tailor’s ideas have dramatically shaped modern methods of mass production and structural organization.
Around the same time that Taylor started experimenting with his theories, the prominent businessman Henry Ford was hard at work developing several of his now infamous automobiles. Ford named these cars alphabetically from A to S. According to The Case Files: Henry Ford, published by The Franklin Institute, Ford’s most successful car was the Model T, which began production in 1 908 (The Franklin Institute) – Just a few years before Taylor published his seminal work, Principles of Scientific Management, in 1911.
Implementing Tailor’s theories, Ford 1927 (Ibid). As you will explore In greater detail later In this reading, Henry Ford’s ambitious production efforts decreased the cost of production, which allowed for lower prices in the market place. Ford’s goal was to create “a motor car for the great multitude” and make automobile travel available and affordable for everyone. “When I’m through,” he said, “Just about everyone will have one”. Henry Ford and Frederick Winslow Tailor’s engineering breakthrough could not have come at a better time for the auto Industry.
Ford recognized the benefits that Taylor could bring to his operations and took full advantage of his expertise and strategies Is a result, the auto industry has continued to thrive throughout At the 20th and 21 centuries, making use of new efficiencies and cost reductions, and leading to regular improvements to manufacturing processes across all industries. Why did ford required scientific management? Ford used scientific management production techniques because Individual workers would be more productive If they were assigned tasks that were properly suited to their personal capabilities and strengths.
Taylor further argued that the elimination f unnecessary physical movement by workers would result in increased productivity. Company’s productivity New efficiencies Cost reductions, And leading to regular Improvements to manufacturing processes Was It successful? Give Logical Reasons? Yes it was very successful and the logical reasons are following. 1 . The assembly-line process enabled Ford to produce cars more quickly, and at more affordable rates. 2. By 1924, as a result of his advanced production methods, Ford had sold 10 million Model TTS. 3.
Ford’s assembly line resulted in a mass-market demand for automobiles ND changed mass-manufacturing processes across many products and industries. Yes ford motor uses all of the four management principles those are Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling. Planning: Ford’s first step was to evaluate the individual parts that were required to build the automobile?from the smallest to the largest components. Implementing Tailor’s theory during the assembly stage, Ford determined that the larger parts of the car should remain stationary, while the smaller parts should be brought to the vehicle as added.
This strategy sped up the production process significantly. Organizing: In organizing ford further reduce his cars’ building time; Ford had his laborers remain stationary in an assembly line as the body of the car was moved through individual workstations. Workers would pull the car, by rope, through one workstation after another, allowing each worker to perform his specified task before moving the car to the next station. Leading: During the year, Ford hired Taylor to observe his workers and determine the most- efficient and time-saving methods for increasing the company’s productivity (The Franklin Institute).
Ford studied Tailor’s observations and, as 1908 progressed, began to incorporate Tailor’s scientific management theory into his production techniques. Controlling: As Ford continued to observe his new production process, he found even more areas that could be improved upon.