- School is such a place where a child starts his real development. It
provides an environment where the future mankind is shaped.
- School is child’s first institution which is responsible for shaping his
character & building his future. It gives society a civilized person, a more
sensitive & competent citizen.
- School provides an access to the latest technology and thoughts.
- A Residential School is one where students stay in the hostels and
pursue their studies. They live in with fellow students.
- Some schools offer residence as an option for outstation students while
in some others, availing the residence facilities of the school is
- Residential schools essentially provide food and lodging for a specific
fee. Varied number of students share rooms or dormitories and remain
under the guidance of house master or house mistress or matron.
It is essential that the built environment of the school should be
conducive for learning. Design should enhance the environment which
support the creative skills of a child.
FROM THE HISTORY
The concept of grouping students together in a centralized location for
learning has existed since Classical antiquity. Formal schools have
existed at least since ancient Greece, ancient India (Gurukul)
and ancient China.
Many of the earlier public schools in the United States were one-room
schools where a single teacher taught seven grades of boys and girls in
the same classroom.
Cost Effective Approach
Cost Effective’ is not only concerning economy. The respective costs
are one important consideration but just as important is the question of
how much energy (or fuel) was used in their manufacture.
- Use of inappropriate building technologies and designs is the largest
single contributor to environmental degradation, depletion of natural
resources and inequitable distribution of wealth and opportunity.
Developing nations like India must therefore focus on the use of
appropriate technology in their building industry.
- By careful selection of materials and technologies in order to reduce
consumption, it is possible to significantly reduce emissions. There are
a no. of the available and usable technologies in India, which have
proven to be successful after years of trial by scientists, engineers and
architects from different parts of the country.
- IT MAY BE NOTED THAT COST-EFFECTIVE CONSTRUCTION
TECHNOLOGIES DO NOT COMPROMISE WITH THE SAFETY AND
SECURITY OF THE BUILDINGS AND MOSTLY FOLLOW THE
PREVAILING BUILDING CODES.
AIM & OBJECTIVES
- To design a school which will provide good built environment
with a blend of cluster and courtyard planning and merging the
built form with open space and landscape for a soothing
- To incorporate the Cost Effective Construction Techniques by
using Appropriate Building Materials and Techniques and by
using recycled material to achieve economy in initial construction
and maintenance costs.
With the growing population, the school construction is essential
in every pat of the world. But due to high construction costs and
depletion of natural resources, there is need to incorporate cost
effective and innovative technologies .
- Pathankot is located at the junction of three Northern statesPunjab,
Himachal Pradesh and J&k, so it acts as an ideal
location for setting up of a residential school.
- Natural beauty of the site provide an excellent environment for a
- Also the nearby areas have developed as educational zone
with the opening up of educational institutes
- The site is located very near to Pathankot
on NH20 highway.
- It is 12 kms from Pathankot Bus Station.
- It is 11.5 kms from Pathankot Railway
- Pathankot is the nearest airport which is
connected to Delhi
- Site is irregular in shape.
- There are no trees on the site
One side of the site is
connected by the road at front
and there is no other approach
to the site.
SPACE REQUIREMENTS OF CLASSROOM
A classroom should not be mere enclosure of space to cater for the
large variety of activities. It must provide a flexible space to meet the
need of the changing educational pattern furniture & equipment.
With the use of moveable furniture it is possible to achieve a variety
of seating arrangement to meet the diverse needs of multifarious
activities of the students.
So the planning of classroom should be the outcome of a careful
analysis of space requirements for different activities &
To arrive the suitable shape & size of a classroom the following
factors are critical:
- Basic dimension of children & their space requirements.
- Dimension, incidence & arrangement of furniture and equipments.
- Number of students to be accommodated.
- Types of activities to be carried out.
- Diverse seating arrangements essential for these activities.
According to standards:
- Forty students per class is the commonly accepted standard.
- An area of 1.2 sq. m. per child is required for the effective
performance of all the activities in the classroom.
- Nearly square shaped classrooms are functionally better then other
form of same area.
- A classroom of 7.30 x 6.90 m in size for 40 students is considered
Land Area Requirement As Per N.B.C.(for a residential school)
- Built up area- 28%
- Open space- 72%
- Built up area includes:
- School building area- 18%
- Residential area- 10%
Open area includes:
Parking, Playground and fields- 72%
The infrastructural facilities should be as follows:
- (i) Class rooms – minimum size should be 8 m x 6 m (approx
500. sq. ft.).
- (ii) Science Labs. (Composite for Secondary or/and separate
Physics, Chemistry and Biology for Senior Secondary)- minimum size
should be 9 m.x 6 m.each (approx 600 sq. ft) and fully equipped.
- (iii) Library – minimum size should be 14 m.x 8 m. fully equipped and
with reading room facility.
- (iv) Computer Lab. and Math Lab. – No minimum size is prescribed,
however, the school should have separate provision for each.
- (v) Rooms for extra curricular activities – either separate rooms for
music, dance, arts & sports or one multi purpose hall for all these
activities should be available.
- Class rooms should be adequate in size. The minimum floor
space should at least be 1 sq. metre per student.
- The school have suitable furniture in the classrooms and office
equipment and furniture according to the strength of students and the
3. The School should have adequate facilities for providing recreation
activities and physical education as well as for conduct of various
activities and programs for developmental education and for the social,
cultural and moral development of the students and for safeguarding
4. i) Adequate ground to create out door facilities for a 200 metre track; (ii) Adequate land for kabbadi and Kho-Kho; and (iii) Facilities for playing Volleyball.
- The Library should be well equipped and spacious.
It should have at least five books per student in its stock subject to a
minimum of 1500 at the beginning.
- The pupil teachers ratio should not exceed 30.
- The number of students in the class should not be very large. The
optimum number in a section of a class is 40.
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