Thesis Case Study Report


  • School is such a place where a child starts his real development. Itprovides an environment where the future mankind is shaped.
  • School is child’s first institution which is responsible for shaping hischaracter ; building his future. It gives society a civilized person, a moresensitive ; competent citizen.
  • School provides an access to the latest technology and thoughts.
  • A Residential School is one where students stay in the hostels andpursue their studies.

    They live in with fellow students.

  • Some schools offer residence as an option for outstation students whilein some others, availing the residence facilities of the school iscompulsory.
  • Residential schools essentially provide food and lodging for a specificfee. Varied number of students share rooms or dormitories and remainunder the guidance of house master or house mistress or matron.

It is essential that the built environment of the school should beconducive for learning. Design should enhance the environment whichsupport the creative skills of a child.


The concept of grouping students together in a centralized location forlearning has existed since Classical antiquity. Formal schools haveexisted at least since ancient Greece, ancient India (Gurukul)and ancient China.Many of the earlier public schools in the United States were one-roomschools where a single teacher taught seven grades of boys and girls inthe same classroom.

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Cost Effective Approach

Cost Effective’ is not only concerning economy. The respective costsare one important consideration but just as important is the question ofhow much energy (or fuel) was used in their manufacture.

  • Use of inappropriate building technologies and designs is the largestsingle contributor to environmental degradation, depletion of naturalresources and inequitable distribution of wealth and opportunity.Developing nations like India must therefore focus on the use ofappropriate technology in their building industry.
  • By careful selection of materials and technologies in order to reduceconsumption, it is possible to significantly reduce emissions. There area no. of the available and usable technologies in India, which haveproven to be successful after years of trial by scientists, engineers andarchitects from different parts of the country.


  1. To design a school which will provide good built environmentwith a blend of cluster and courtyard planning and merging thebuilt form with open space and landscape for a soothingenvironment.
  2. To incorporate the Cost Effective Construction Techniques byusing Appropriate Building Materials and Techniques and byusing recycled material to achieve economy in initial constructionand maintenance costs.


With the growing population, the school construction is essentialin every pat of the world. But due to high construction costs anddepletion of natural resources, there is need to incorporate costeffective and innovative technologies .

  • Pathankot is located at the junction of three Northern statesPunjab,Himachal Pradesh and J;k, so it acts as an ideallocation for setting up of a residential school.
  • Natural beauty of the site provide an excellent environment for aresidential school.
  • Also the nearby areas have developed as educational zonewith the opening up of educational institutes


  • The site is located very near to Pathankoton NH20 highway.
  • It is 12 kms from Pathankot Bus Station.
  • It is 11.

    5 kms from Pathankot RailwayStation.

  • Pathankot is the nearest airport which isconnected to Delhi
  • Site is irregular in shape.
  • There are no trees on the site


One side of the site isconnected by the road at frontand there is no other approachto the site.


16.5 Acres


A classroom should not be mere enclosure of space to cater for thelarge variety of activities. It must provide a flexible space to meet theneed of the changing educational pattern furniture ; equipment.

With the use of moveable furniture it is possible to achieve a varietyof seating arrangement to meet the diverse needs of multifariousactivities of the students.So the planning of classroom should be the outcome of a carefulanalysis of space requirements for different activities ;arrangements.To arrive the suitable shape ; size of a classroom the followingfactors are critical:

  1. Basic dimension of children ; their space requirements.
  2. Dimension, incidence ; arrangement of furniture and equipments.
  3. Number of students to be accommodated.
  4. Types of activities to be carried out.
  5. Diverse seating arrangements essential for these activities.

According to standards:

  1. Forty students per class is the commonly accepted standard.
  2. An area of 1.2 sq.

    m. per child is required for the effectiveperformance of all the activities in the classroom.

  3. Nearly square shaped classrooms are functionally better then otherform of same area.
  4. A classroom of 7.30 x 6.90 m in size for 40 students is consideredsuitable

Land Area Requirement As Per N.

B.C.(for a residential school)

  • Built up area- 28%
  • Open space- 72%
  • Built up area includes:
  • School building area- 18%
  • Residential area- 10%

Open area includes:Parking, Playground and fields- 72%




The infrastructural facilities should be as follows:

  • (i) Class rooms – minimum size should be 8 m x 6 m (approx500. sq. ft.).
  • (ii) Science Labs. (Composite for Secondary or/and separatePhysics, Chemistry and Biology for Senior Secondary)- minimum sizeshould be 9 m.

    x 6 m.each (approx 600 sq. ft) and fully equipped.

  • (iii) Library – minimum size should be 14 m.x 8 m. fully equipped andwith reading room facility.
  • (iv) Computer Lab. and Math Lab. – No minimum size is prescribed,however, the school should have separate provision for each.
  • (v) Rooms for extra curricular activities – either separate rooms formusic, dance, arts ; sports or one multi purpose hall for all theseactivities should be available.

Physical Facilities

  1. Class rooms should be adequate in size.

    The minimum floorspace should at least be 1 sq. metre per student.

  2. The school have suitable furniture in the classrooms and officeequipment and furniture according to the strength of students and thestaff.

3. The School should have adequate facilities for providing recreationactivities and physical education as well as for conduct of variousactivities and programs for developmental education and for the social,cultural and moral development of the students and for safeguardingtheir health.

4. i) Adequate ground to create out door facilities for a 200 metre track; (ii) Adequate land for kabbadi and Kho-Kho; and (iii) Facilities for playing Volleyball.

  • The Library should be well equipped and spacious.It should have at least five books per student in its stock subject to aminimum of 1500 at the beginning.
  • The pupil teachers ratio should not exceed 30.
  • The number of students in the class should not be very large. Theoptimum number in a section of a class is 40.