Dropbox Case Analysis

Dropbox is a file hosting service operated by American company Dropbox, Inc., headquartered in San Francisco, California, that offers cloud storage, file synchronization, personal cloud, and client software. Dropbox was founded in 2007 by MIT students Drew Houston and Arash Ferdowsi as a startup company, with initial funding from seed accelerator Y Combinator.

Dropbox can create a special folder on the user’s computer, the contents of which are then synchronized to Dropbox’s servers and to other computers and devices that the user has installed Dropbox on, keeping the same files up-to-date on all devices. Dropbox uses a freemium business model, where users are offered a free account with a set storage size, with paid subscriptions available that offer more capacity and additional features. Dropbox Basic users are given 2 gigabytes of free storage space. Dropbox Plus users are given 1 terabyte of storage space, as well as additional features, including advanced sharing controls, remote wipe, and an optional Extended Version History add-on. Dropbox offers computer apps for Microsoft Windows, Apple macOS, and Linux computers, and mobile apps for iOS, Android, and Windows Phone smartphones and tablets. In March 2013, the company acquired Mailbox, a popular email app, and in April 2014, the company introduced Dropbox Carousel, a photo and video gallery app. Both Mailbox and Carousel were shut down in December 2015, with key features from both apps implemented into the regular Dropbox service. In October 2015, it officially announced Dropbox Paper, its collaborative document editor, in a reported effort to expand its operations towards businesses. As of March 2016, Dropbox has 500 million users.

Dropbox has received praise, including the Crunchie Award in 2010 for Best Internet Application, and Macworld`s 2009 Editor’s Choice Award for Software. It has been ranked as one of the most valuable startups in the US and the world, with a valuation of over US$10 billion, and it has been described as one of Y Combinator’s most successful investments to date. However, Dropbox has also experienced criticism and generated controversy for issues including security breaches and privacy concerns.

Dropbox has a five star privacy rating from the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Dropbox Case Study
IndustryCloud storage, File hosting
FoundedJune 2007; 11 years ago
FoundersDrew Houston Arash Ferdowsi
HeadquartersSan Francisco, California,  United States
ProductsCloud storage, File synchronization, Personal cloud, Client software
Related Technology Companies:Enron, Cisco, Groupon, Fedex, Cemex, Xerox, Bose, GoPro, Nintendo, Aqualisa, Celcom, IMAX, Barco, Radio One, Capstone, Thomas Green, Foxconn, Monsanto

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