Emazariegos case study
Integument System Part Up the Sun” Questions 1 . What are some differences between Judy and Marina that might make Judy more “at risk” for skin cancer than Marina? (2 points) It Is possible that Judo’s mother may have had a cancerous mole and could have passed on adjust a mutated gene of the tumor suppressor.
2. What observations did Judy make concerning her mole? How could they have used the Facade’s of skin cancer assessment to further assist their observations? (2 points) She observed that her mole had become itchy, it had grown in size and it had changed in color as well.
The Facade’s of skin cancer assessment is assuring if the mole is asymmetrical, if the borders are even, if the color has changed, if the diameter has grown and lastly if the mole is evolving. This skin cancer assessment could have given Judy a better idea of what she was looking for. 3.
Should Judy be concerned? Why or why not? (2 points) If Judy talked with her mother and found that she did have cancer, I would think that Judy should be concerned. However, if that Is not the case then I would wait for the biopsy before being concerned.
Part Basics of Cancer” Questions 1 . Considering the differences between a benign tumor and a malignant tumor, why eight a benign tumor be easier to treat? (3 points) The growth of a benign tumor Is not growing out of control. That makes it easier for doctors to remove it.
But in a malignant tumor that is growing out of a control, it is a lot difficult for doctors to be able to remove all the cancerous genes. 2. Judy learned that every single person has these cell cycle genes so cells in our body can divide when necessary.
What are some normal circumstances where our bodies might need to make more cells? Why is the skin continuously replacing its main cell and what specific damages to the skin would there be a need to make more cells? 3 points) Since our body is continually growing it is important for normal cells to make more cells. Because the skin is exposed the environment It Is constantly in need of repair.
For example, you get a cut on your skin or scratch, It Is Important for cells to delve and repair Itself. 3.
Every person has these cell cycle proto-nosecones, but not every person has cancer. Why might this be the case? (3 points) Proto-nosecones can only cause cancer if they become mutated. They can become mutated by cigarettes and UP lights (a few examples) can cause the proto-nosecones to mutate and cause cancer.
Part Ill?”Like Mother, Like Daughter? ” Questions 1 . Now that you know a little more, what are the risk factors that increase a person’s chances of having melanoma? Besides the Facade’s, what other signs/symptoms can melanoma present with on a patient? 2 points) Cigarette smoking, extensive exposure to UP light, weakened immune system, and family history are all risk factors that increase skin cancer. If a mole has appeared and It looks way to different that all the other moles surrounding it could be a sign that melanoma could present. 2. How does sunlight contribute to the development of melanoma? 2 points) The UP light In the sun causes the skin to produce extra melatonin to protect the skin. To much exposes to the sun can cause mutation to these genes that could cause an abnormal growth AT silk cells (tumors) Tanat could De Denying or malignant t.
. Want does It mean to be predisposed to getting cancer? If you inherit a mutated cell cycle gene, does that automatically mean that you will get cancer some day? If you inherit a mutated cell cycle gene and participate in risky behaviors such as sunbathing, does that mean that you will automatically get cancer some day? (4 points) It means that oh are at a higher risk or that you are more liable to getting cancer, for example if someone in your family has had cancer before.
If you have a mutated cell gene does not mean you automatically get cancer, because everyone has two copies of the cell gene, which could prevent you from getting cancer. If you inherited a mutated cell gene and you expose yourself to risky behaviors, you are putting yourself at higher risk to getting cancer. Because those risky behaviors could damage your one good gene and cause it to mutate and cause you cancer. 4.
What is the prevalence and occurrence for Melanoma? What are the treatment options and success rates for melanoma? 2 points) Too much exposure to UP light is the common cause for melanoma. Surgical removal of the melanoma is the most common treatment and usually has a 90% success rate. Skin Cancer Foundation. (2014, January 11). Retrieved October 15, 2014, from http:// www. Skincare.
Org/skin-cancer-information/melanoma Goodman, H. (2014, March 17). What Are the Prognosis and Survival Rates for Melanoma by Stage? Retrieved October 1 5, 2014, from http://www. Healthier. Com/ health-slideshows/melanoma-prognosis-and-survival-rates#3