Endocrine System Case Study (Hormones)
Produced by Anterior Pituitary Gland . Targets of high are Bone, muscle, skin, adipose tissue and liver 3. Effects of high are to promote protein synthesis, encourage use of fats for fuel, and elevate blood glucose by decreasing uptake and increasing glycogen breakdown 4.
Regulation of high is hormonal . high is a protein . high is water soluble . high is protein kinas activation . Endocrine disorders – Hyper secretion causes Giants in children and Corollary in Adults Hypo secretion – Dwarfism in children and Simmons Disease in Adults
PRE – Protraction 1. Produce by Anterior Pituitary Gland .
Target of PRE is mammary gland . Effects of PRE is to produce and secrete milk . Regulation of PRE is hormonal 5. PRE is a polypeptide 5. PRE is water soluble 7. PRE activates by cyclic amp second messenger systems at their targets 8.
Endocrine disorders – Hyper secretion causes Inappropriate milk production Hypo secretion causes Inability to breast feed offspring ADD – Antipathetic Hormone 1. Produced and released by Hypothalamus / Posterior Pituitary Gland 2. Target of ADD is the kidney .
Effects of ADD is to manage body water by acting on the kidney to inhibit urine urination 4. Regulation of ADD is neural 5.
ADD is a peptide 5. ADD is water soluble 7. ADD works by Secondary Messenger – PIPE . Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion causes Diabetes Insipid leading to dehydration Hyper secretion causes SHAD leading to over hydration Extinction Extinction are uterus and mammary glands . Effects of Cochin are to stimulate uterine contraction during childbirth, to trigger milk ejection, & to play a role in sexual arousal and orgasm 4.
Regulation of Extinction is neural 5 Extinction is a peptide . Extinction is water soluble . Extinction works by Secondary messenger – PIPE Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion causes unprepossessing labor and inability to breast feed Hyper secretion may cause intense sexual desire & too trusting TO / TO – Triiodothyroninenhyroxine 1. Produced by Thyroid Gland . Targets oft/TO are all body cells except RFC and retina 3. Effects oft/TO are to increase metabolism, growth, energy production and utilization, and heat production .
Regulation oft/TO is hormonal by TTS 5.
TO/TO are did-peptide 5. TO &T4are lipid soluble 7. TO/TO work by Direct Gene Activation . Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion cause maxed, and endemic goiters in adults; cretinism in infants Hyper secretion cause Graves’ disease and toxic goiters Calculation 1.
Produced by Thyroid Gland (particularly cells) . Targets of calculation are steamboats in bone, kidneys and GIG tract 3. Effects of calculation is to decrease blood Ca++ . Regulation of calculation is humeral 5. Calculation is a peptide .
Calculation is water soluble . Calculation works by Secondary messenger .
Endocrine disorders – None PATH – Parathyroid Hormone 1. Produced by Parathyroid Glands – CAMP . Targets of PATH are seacoasts in bone, kidneys, and GIG tract 3. Effects of PATH is to increase blood C++ .
Regulation of PATH is humeral PATH is a peptide . PATH is water soluble . PATH works by Secondary Messenger – CAMP . Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion of PATH causes tenant, paralysis, and death Hyper secretion f PATH causes bone softening, bone deformation, and kidney stones Cortisone – sociolinguistics 1. Produced by adrenal cortex of the adrenal gland 2.
Targets of cortisone are liver, muscles, and connective tissues 3. Effects of cortisone are increase blood glucose, utilization of fats & proteins as energy, and decrease Inflammation 4. Regulation of cortisone is hormonal by CATCH 5. Cortisone is a steroid 5 Cortisone is lipid soluble 7. Cortisone works by Direct Gene Activation . Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion of cortisone causes Addition’s disease Hyper secretion of cortisone causes Cushing syndrome Lodestone – mortification’s .
Target of lodestone is kidney tubules .
Effects of lodestone are to stimulates An reapportion and water retention 4. Regulation of lodestone are humorously by blood An and K & hormonally by CATCH 5. Lodestone is a steroid 5. Lodestone is lipid soluble 7. Lodestone works by Direct Gene Activation .
Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion causes Addition’s disease Hyper secretion of lodestone causes Conn’s disease Insulin 1. Produced by the Pancreas . Targets of insulin are liver and most body cells . Effects of insulin are decrease blood glucose by glycogen synthesis & utilization of glucose by body cells 4.
Regulation of insulin is humeral by blood glucose 5. Insulin is a protein 5.
Insulin is water soluble 7. Insulin works by Secondary Messenger – PIPE . Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion causes diabetes mellitus resulting in popularly, Hyper secretion causes hyper-insulin resulting in hypoglycemia Clangor . Target of clangor is the liver . Effect of clangor is to release glucose to the blood by selenologists and licentiousness 4. Regulation of clangor is humeral .
Clangor is a peptide . Clangor is water soluble . Clangor works by Secondary Messenger – CAMP .
Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion causes hypoglycemia Hyper secretion causes hyperglycemia Testosterone – androgen’s 1. Produced by Testes & Adrenal Glands .
Targets of testosterone are muscles, skeleton, and brain . Effects of testosterone are to produce secondary male sex characteristics and sperm production 4. Regulation of testosterone is hormonal . Testosterone is a steroid 5 Testosterone is lipid soluble 7. Testosterone works by Direct Gene Activation Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion causes reduce sex drive Hyper secretion causes precocious puberty and miscommunication in females Estrogen – female sex hormones .
Produced by Ovaries & Adrenal Glands . Targets of estrogen are muscle, skeleton, and brain . Effects of estrogen produce secondary female characteristics, maturation of female reproduction organs, and cyclic changes in uterine mucosa 4. Regulation of estrogen is hormonal . Estrogen is a steroid . Estrogen is lipid soluble .
Estrogen works by Direct Gene Activation . Endocrine disorders- Hypo secretion causes reduced sex drive Hyper secretion asses finalization of males and precocious puberty LA – Latinizing Hormone 2. Targets of LA are the ovaries and testis .
Effect of LA is to promote gonad hormones production . Regulation of LA is hormonal 5. LA is globetrotting 5.
LA is water soluble 7. LA activates by cyclic amp second messenger systems at their targets 8. Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion of LA causes precocious sex organs development and early puberty in children Hyper secretion of LA causes hypothyroidism in adults FISH – Follicle Stimulating Hormone 2. Targets of FISH are ovaries and testis . Effects of FISH is to stimulate gamete production (ovaries and testes) 4. Regulation of FISH is hormonal 5.
FISH is globetrotting 5. FISH is water soluble 7. FISH activates by cyclic amp second messenger systems at their targets 8. Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion causes precocious sex organs development and early puberty in children Hyper secretion of FISH causes hypothyroidism in adults TTS – Thyroid Stimulating Hormone 2. Target of TTS is thyroid glands .
Effects of TTS are to cause the production and release oft & TO 4. Regulation of rash is hormonal 5. TTS is a globetrotting . TTS is water soluble 7. TTS activates by cyclic amp second messenger systems at their targets 8.
Endocrine disorders – Hypertension causes lack of growth and activity of thyroid glands Hypertension causes increase growth and activity of thyroid glands CATCH – Traditionalistic Hormone 2.
Targets of CATCH is adrenal cortex . Effects of CATCH is to stimulates adrenal cortex to release corticosteroids 4. Regulation of CATCH is hormonal (CRA) 5. CATCH is a peptide 5. CATCH is water soluble 7.
CATCH activates by cyclic amp second messenger systems at their targets 8. Endocrine disorders – Hypo secretion causes lack of growth and activity of adrenal cortex Hyper secretion causes increase growth and activity of adrenal cortex