Jim Case Study
To understand Jims behavior and individual must take Into consideration the six primary elements of abnormal behavior. Those elements are “suffering, maladaptive, and deviancy, violence of standards of society, social discomfort, Irrationality, and unpredictability” (Butcher, 2010, Peg.
4). Jim shows no sign of physical suffering, but he Is suffering from lack of social Ineptness. Jim understands that he may be a bit socially awkward but does not seem to care. Although suffering is an element of abnormality in many cases, it is neither a efficient condition nor even a necessary condition for us to consider something as abnormal” (Butcher, 2010, Peg. 4).
Jim unquestionably suffers from a bit of maladaptive because of the fact his awkwardness hinders him from forming good long-lasting relationships with anyone in his life. Even though Jim does not think he has an abnormality, according to the rules of society, he is abnormal. Jims awkwardness, according to society is abnormal only because mostly his actions are rare. If something Is statistically are and undesirable (as Is mental retardation), we re more likely to consider It abnormal than something that Is statistically are and high desirable (such as genius) or something that Is undesirable but statistically common (such as rudeness)” (Butcher, 2010, Peg. 4). The way Jim responds to social cues makes it obvious that he does suffer from something abnormal.
Inhalation of the Standards of Society: All cultures have rules. Some of these are formalized as laws, others form the norms and moral standards that we are taught to follow’ (Butcher, 2010, Peg. 4).
Jims awkwardness and brutally honest answers may come off as rude to society. Those who do not understand that Jim suffers from a disease may find him unfriendly. His actions would be considered a violation of the standards of society.
Although Jim does not believe he is acting abnormally or that his behavior is different society would consider his behavior completely abnormal “When someone violates a social rule, those around him or her may experience a sense of discomfort or unease” (Butcher, 2010, Peg. 4). Of course, Jims reactions and statements have caused others discomfort and anxiety. Although a little unconventionality may add some piece to life, there Is a point at which we are likely to consider a given unorthodox behavior abnormal” (Butcher, 2010, Peg. 4).
Jim stays ‘under the radar’ and does not ever snow too many signs AT Rotationally or unpredictably. HIS Detonators Ana social cues obviously are unpredictable but anyone who knows Jim understands that sometimes he does not follow social cues and his reactions and responses may not be ‘normal’. After looking through the six primary elements of abnormal behavior Jim suffers from at least three out of the six. Jims symptoms seem to line up with
Espalier’s Disorder which was considered a mental disorder in the ADSM-IV but will be taken out in the new version. According to the ADSM-IV some of the criteria that a person must meet to be diagnosed with Espalier’s is “multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expressions, body poster, and gestures to regulate social interaction. Other conditions one must meet are failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level, lack of spontaneous seeking to hare enjoyment, interest or achievements with other people, and lack of social or motional reciprocity’ (Diagnostic Criteria, 2002).
An individual must show at least two of these particular things to be considered to have Espalier’s. Although in the ADSM-IV considered Espalier’s a mental disease they have currently added this disorder to the ‘autism spectrum disorder’. Many of the negatives that will follow with this change are possibilities that people will not be properly diagnosed as well as funding for certain services may not be covered. Unfortunately, the difference between someone who is suffering from Espalier’s vs.. None who is suffering from Autism can be completely diverse.
Many individuals who suffer from Autism are extreme cases and can barely function in society at all. With Espalier’s being a high functioning disorder there is high possibilities that those who suffer from this disorder can lead ‘normal’ lives as Jim did. One of the pros of having a classification system such as the ADSM-IV is that psychologist can convey in simpler terms the symptoms and information for not only the other doctors but also family members of the individual suffering.
When my sister was first diagnosed with Espalier’s they gave us information on this disorder in terms that we could not understand. With the ADSM the psychologists can better help everyone understand about the disorder.
The ADSM also makes it easier to narrow down a search for a disorder. If someone has multiple symptoms a doctor can take a few searches through the ADSM and be able to assess the individuals. Some of the disadvantages of the ADSM system are that when a person suffers from a disorder according to some of the diagnoses an individual just be suffering from ALL of the symptoms which are not always the case.
The goal of this system is to help communicate but not be the solution for the problem. Many also say that this type of system creates a preconception that can be bias and our perception and interpretations may be different. In conclusion, Jim most definitely suffers from a mental disorder according to the ADSM-IV but this will change soon.
Jim suffers from a form a high functioning form of Autism called Espalier’s and most likely will always suffer. His attitude toward others may never change and he most keel will always be alone.
The changes being made to the ADSM will be hard for those who suffer to be properly diagnosed because they must meet all the specific criteria in the Autism Spectrum Disorder which may not be the case for each individual. The ADSM most definitely has its advantages and disadvantages. References Butcher,J.
N Aka s , & Holey, J. M (2010) Admiral Sinology Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection. Diagnostic Criteria for 299. 80 Espalier’s Disorder. (2002). Retrieved from http://www.
Treat. Com/ADSM- speakers. HTML