Oral Hygiene of High School Students of Pinoma National High School
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the study “All the statistics in the world can’t measure the warmth of a smile” Chris Hart Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Dental hygiene also known as oral hygiene is the process by which preventative dental care is provided to avoid dental emergencies at the care of dental hygiene is the in-home dental care regimen you perform.
Taking measures to keep your mouth clean is essential for excellent dental health . A daily oral hygiene regimen is needed to remove the plaque the causes tooth decay and gum disease. And good oral hygiene not only helps prevent cavities, but is necessary to bottle bad breath. After all we go to great lengths to look and smell pretty. The main purpose of dental hygiene is to prevent the build-up of plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Bacterial plaque accumulated on teeth because of poor oral hygiene is the causative factor of the major dental problems.
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Poor oral hygiene allows the accumulation of acid producing bacteria on the surface of the teeth. The effect of poor oral hygiene is the loss of one or more teeth. You should not wait until a tooth is lost, just then to understand the importance of oral hygiene and preventive care. It is important to learn how to maintain good dental hygiene from early childhood. Parents should teach their children the proper use of oral hygiene products.
Good oral hygiene should be a joined effort involving you and your dentist. Not all of us have the same needs.This research study is conceptualized to agreement the existing ways and knowledge in promoting dental health care prevention of dental hygiene of Pinoma National High School. This research study is located at Pinoma, Cauayan City. It is attended by pupils who belong to different ethnic groups and different status in life.
Study show that dental hygiene is the most common dental health problem existing today. It is common to everybody regardless of their status, location and race. Conceptual Framework or Theoretical The theories and concepts stated are used as the bases for the discussion and analysis of the problem in this research.This study hinges on the concept that the oral health of student in early childhood year is crucial in development of proper dentition oral disease can be prevented if proper oral habits are observed during the formative years. Among the various ailments oral hygiene is one of the major public problems that affect the student.
Faced with this reality the role of the student in effecting improved dental health program such program must provide sound methods for improving dental hygiene. There is also the need for a total commitment for school dentist and teachers to teach and guide the school student towards their oral health improvement.Many health problems of the mouth, such as oral thrush, trench mouth, bad breath and others are considered as effect of poor dental hygiene. Most of these dental and mouth problems may be avoided just by maintaining good oral hygiene. When it comes to optimal oral hygiene care, remember the “Rules of Two’s”-brush at least a day and see a dentist twice a year. Oral hygiene is an ongoing practice that requires your attention, but once you get the hang of it, you’ll be happy with the results.
Unfortunately, you can’t take a vacation from your teeth, but you can set them up for lifetime of dental health.Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oral health is important to your overall well being. Daily preventive care, Including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems before they develop and is much less painful, expensive, and worrisome than treating condition that they develop and is less painful expensive and worrisome than treating conditions that have been allowed to progress.
In between regular visit to the dentist, there are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly decrease the risk of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. These include brushing thoroughly a day and flossing daily. Independent DependentExpected Variable Variable Outcome Figure I Paradigm of the study Statement of the problem The study sought to answer the following problems: 1. The common cause of dental hygiene in Pinoma National High School in terms of: 1. .Perception toward a dentist 2.
.Frequencies of visiting a dentist . .Reason of visiting a dentist 4. .Ways of caring teeth 5.
.Frequencies of tooth brushing 6. .Techniques of tooth brushing 2. The factors that could affect the oral habit and oral hygiene of Pinoma National High School in terms of: 1. Perception toward a dentist 2.
2 Frequencies of visiting a dentist 2. 3 Reason of visiting a dentist 2. 4 Ways of caring teeth 2. 5 Frequency of tooth brushing 2. 6.
Techniques of tooth brushing Assumption The study was guide by the following assumptions. 1. The existing dental hygiene problems in Pinoma National High School. 2.The prevention of Dental Caries of Pinoma National High School.
Hypothesis of the study The study was guided by the hypothesis. That there is: 1. That are is common cause of dental hygiene in Pinoma National High School in terms of: 1. .Perception toward a dentist 2. .
Frequencies of visiting a dentist 3. .Reason of visiting a dentist 4. .Ways of caring teeth 5. .
Frequencies of tooth brushing 6. .Techniques of tooth brushing 2. Factors that could affect the oral habit and oral hygiene of Pinoma National High School in terms of: 1. Perception toward a dentist 2. Frequencies of visiting a dentist 2.
3 Reason of visiting a dentist 2. 4 Ways of caring teeth 2. 5 Frequency of tooth brushing 2. 6 Techniques of tooth brushing Scope and delimitation The study considered the factors that affect acceptance or refusal of recommended innovation, and looked into the innovation process of the pupils. The study did not consider the socioeconomic impact of the accepted or refusal of the innovations. The study was conducted in Pinoma National High School.
The study is cove with the chosen respondents of Pinoma National High School.The respondents to this study where fifty ( 50 ) 1st year, forty-two ( 42 ) 2nd year, forty-one ( 41 ) 3rd year, and forty-five ( 45 ) 4th year in Barangay Pinoma. Definition of terms For common understanding the following terms defined operationally; Bacteria – Are microscopic organisms whose single cells have neither a membrane. Caries – This refers to the decalcification of tooth enamel and leading to continued distraction of enamel and dentin, and cavitations the tooth. Dental Hygiene or Oral Hygiene – Over to the tastes or textures of things placed in one’s mouth.
Dental Plaque – Is biofilm (usually colorless ) that builds up on the teeth. Health – A state of physical, mental and social well being. Oral – Pertaining of the mouth. Oral Prophylaxis – This is the process to prevent the onset of calcular deposit on the tooth surface in order to control germs and make teeth healthy. Laziness – The quality or state of being lazy Plaque – A patch or small differentiated area on a body surface or on the cut surface of organ such as the brain. Pines city college – Private institution offering allied medical courses.
Toothbrush – A small brush for cleaning the teeth Importance of the Study This study on the “Oral Hygiene of Pinoma National High School” was conducted to provide valuable insights and concepts that will be used by the different individuals. Students Who may read this study may find some data and information useful in their research work. Researcher This study furnishing them information which will broaden the background of her study. Readers Who simply want information to enrich the knowledge about dental practice, insights may be gained from the findings of this study.To the High School students The study will give them knowledge in order for them to enhance or educate their oral hygiene for having a healthy teeth and the prevention of dental caries.
ENDNOTES 1 . Oral hygiene:htt://www. youdentistryguide. com/hygiene 2. Oral hygiene:htt://www.
Oralhealthbasis 3. Stedmans Medical Dictionary for the Healt Profession and Nursing Illustrated 5th ed. CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE This chapter presented a review of related literature as references to the present study. THE OBJECTIVE OF ORAL HYGIENEOral hygiene concerns the care of the oral cavity and all its associated structures, including the teeth the supporting soft tissue and bone, and the lips. The state of oral health is dependent in a large measure upon the degree to with the individual has practiced good or acceptable oral hygiene measure.
However there is other important factor, such as general health, which may directly, influence or govern the oral health of a person. The primary objective of oral hygiene is to keep the mouth and all its structures in an optimum state of health.While the primary objective may be directed to health, there are other important compelling reasons why many people are interested in good oral hygiene, such as acceptance and business opportunities. An attractive winning smile reflects healthy teeth and oral structures and a strict observance of the fundamental rules and procedures governing oral hygiene. The child in grade school, the young girl or man in high schools or college, the woman or man at church or at the top club in general desires to be accepted socially.In every community there are people who have experience great difficulty in attaining a desired social stature stained teeth or an attractive oral environment.
Oral conditions also may be a direct factor in the development of inferiority complex or various degree of mental depression, personality response which is uninviting to other favorable consideration are realized in many instances through good appearance and the unhesitating smile with a pleasant personality. Good oral hygiene and dental health therefore must be considered as very important ingredients for one’s happiness and success.TOOTH BRUSHING AND OTHER WAYS OF CARING TEETH The use of the toothbrush Many methods of tooth brushing have been described controlled studies evaluating the effectiveness of the most common brushing technique have shown that no one method is clearly superior. The scrub technique is probably the most common method of brushing whereas for patients with periodontal disease the sulcular technique is the one most frequently recommended. The roll technique seems to be the least effective method perhaps because it generates only intermittent pressure against the teeth compared with the sustained force applied with the sulcular and scrub echnique. Techniques of the tooth brushing The brush is placed in the mouth the bristles pointing gingivaly flat against the buccal surface of the teeth.
The brushing is accomplished by proceeding with a sweeping motion toward the occlusal edges, the bristles stimulating the gingival tissues as well as cleaning the buccal and interproximal surface of the teeth. This brushing technique should be followed routinely around the arch so that finally all the buccal, labial and lingual tooth surface in the maxilla and mandible will have been cleaned and the gingival soft tissue will have been stimulated.Each area should be brushed with at least five or six separate strokes. The initial and occlusal areas can be brushed in a side to side motion or by brushing over the surface in an anteroposterior for ward and backward movement. There is no objection to brushing the occlusal surface first if that procedure seems more desirable.
Frequently of tooth brushing The teeth should be brushed thoroughly after each meal and after each time the child eats. The collection of food including carbohydrate, materials, about the teeth is believed to be an important factor in the cause of dental caries.The accumulation of food and calculus is definitely a fare runner of gingivitis. It is essential, therefore that the teeth be as clean as possible at all times. Mouth Rinsing The use of tooth brushing and dental floss will loosen many particles of food and tooth plaque bacteria. These can be removed by vigorous rinsing with water.
The same procedure will in addition, do much to speed the oral clearance of semi fluid carbohydrate. This possible advantage has bee explored in considerable detail by one group of investigators.They had 50 test subject eat a piece of toffee candy in order to saturate the oral cavity with sugar six and one half minutes later, at which time the toffee was dissolved, the mouth was rinsed with water. Analyses for salivary sugar were performed at stated intervals before and after water rinsing. The relative effect of one to three rinsing was observed and the quantity of water used per rinsing was varied from 5 to 15 mL.
Repeated rinsing resulted, as might be expected, in a rapid lowering of the salivary sugar level. They did not however expect in a few cases, being about a complete elimination of sugar from the oral cavity.As part of this study information was accumulated as to the average amount of water selected for oral rinsing in varying age groups. It was found those children ages 3-4 years old use approximately 5 mL of rinse water. Those in the 5-8 year age range where found to choose between 10 and 12 mL rinse of water for oral rinsing. Children in their tenth year used between 15 and 20 mL of rinse water for oral rinsing.
This is comparable to the figure for adults. With this as background information, the effect of a single oral rinsing of 20 mL of water as a salivary sugar was studied in adults.It was found that whereas half of the test subjects had sugar-free saliva within 16 minutes after mouth sugar saturation, the entire control non rinsing group was positive for sugar at this time. The Use of Dental Floss No matter how well you brush, there are some areas you just want be able to reach. Flossing removes plaque that’s hiding in between teeth. Learn how to floss properly with these tips.
Start by holding the floss securely with each hand, and ease the floss between the teeth. Gently rub the floss up and down, and curve towards each tooth to cover more surface area.Once you reach the top, slide it under your gum line to remove plaque from beneath the gums. And be sure to use fresh section of floss for each tooth you don’t want to put food particles and bacteria back in your mouth. Flossing at least once a day is recommended to remove the on going accumulation of plaque that forms between teeth.
If you have trouble flossing, products are available to help waxed floss makes for easier maneuvering and floss holders assist those who have trouble holding the stringy material. Dental Health EducationWithout question the classroom, through the medium of the teacher after one of the greatest opportunities for teaching dental health. It is difficult and sometimes impossible stimulate the parents to brush their own teeth routinely and such mothers or fathers lent little encouragement to the child. The teacher therefore can be great motivating force to direct the thinking and habits of children under her supervision. Although parents may not be interested the boy or girl gradually is being influenced outside the home with the result that a greater appreciation of dental health is attained.Diet You’re probably surprised by this one.
But healthy eating habits an equally important part of your oral hygiene regimen. Since sugars and carbohydrates promote tooth decay, the more you eat, the better chances you have rinsing your teeth. Instead, focus on protecting your oral health by eating nutritional foods. Visiting a dentist is important Visiting the dentist regularly helps to keep your mouth healthy. It benefits a lot since they are the one who can help prevent such things that can cause unhealthy oral cavity.
A six-month checkup means everybody has the same risk for disease and that doesn’t very much tense”, say Douglas Benn, oral and maxillofacial radio gist and professor emeritus at the University of Florida. “If you look at the typical middle class population, the majority is not at high risk for lots of decay and gum disease, they probably don’t need to be seen every six months. “A number of studies support Benn’s view finding no appreciable benefit from biannual visits for all patients”. If you have a high risk factor for dental disease and need to see the dentist every ix months and following their advice should be done. ENDNOTES 1John C.
Brawer. D. D. D. S. ,AB,M.
Sc and Richard E. Richardson . D. D. S;The dental Assistant (New York: Mc Grw-Hill Book Company.
Inc. ,1960)p. 400 2Glickman’s clinical Periodontology by Corronza 7nd ed. p. 688,689 3Oral Hygiene: http//www.
yourdentistryguide. com/hygiene 4Clinical Periodontology Prophylactic and operative technique in dental caries prevention by:Joseph F Volker and Joe Price Thomas 4th ed. p. 542 5Sidney B. Finn Clinical Pedodontics (philodelphia:W.
B Sounders Company,1973)p. 2 6Oral hygiene:http://www. 1800dentist. om/encyclopedia/articles/oral 7www. gafindhere.
com CHAPTER III This chapter presented the design of the study, location and population instrument, data gathering, procedure and statistical treatment. Design of the study The descriptive method of researchers used the descriptive survey method. Descriptive method is the most popular approach in research project. This method involves the description, recording analysis and interpretation of the present nature, composition of process of phenomena where the focus is on prevailing conditions or how a person, group or thing behaves or functions in the present.Data was gathering through the use of the close-ended questionnaire constructed by the researchers for specific purpose of the study. The data gather came from the student of Pinoma National High School.
Question were floated to each of high school student with the data gathered it was carefully studied and analyzed to know the cause of oral hygiene of High school students in terms of Perception toward a dentist, Frequencies of visiting a dentist, Reason of visiting a dentist, Ways of caring teeth, Frequencies of toot brushing, Techniques of tooth brushing.Location and Population The study was conducted at Pinoma National High School which is located at Purok 1, Pinoma, Cauayan City Isabela is a learning institute. Pinoma National High School also provides quality education. The respondents are 1st – 4th year high school students. They are presently enrolled in Pinoma National High School in this school year 2011-2012.
The researchers gathered information from the population of HIGH SCHOOL which is 178 students who respond into our invitation for a survey. It is the Slovene’s formula was used in this study. InstrumentationThe instrument use in gathering the data needed in the study is the questionnaire checklist will be float to the HIGH SCHOOL students. It is supplemented by interview, observations and participation since the researcher is a 4th year students. The questions will be use in this study is close-ended questionnaire where in the respondents choices always, often, and sometimes. Close-ended questionnaire is a direct influence in securing responses and is limited to the answers provide.
Formulations of the questions are taken from the related literature of the study. The following are used in the questionnaire: #01ArbitrarySymbol DescriptionRange Values 3VMA Very much agree 2. 50-3. 00 2SA Sometimes Agree 2. 00-2.
49 1D Disagree 1. 50-1. 99 The following are used in the questionnaire: #02 ArbitrarySymbolDescriptionRange Values 3VMC Very much 2. 50-3. 00 2SC Sometimes 2.
00-2. 49 1U Uncertain 1. 50-1. 99 The following are used in the questionnaire: #03 ArbitrarySymbolDescriptionRange Values 3VMA Very much aware 2. 50-3.
00 2MA Sometimes aware 2. 00-2. 49 1LA Least aware 1. 50-1. 99The following are used in the questionnaire: #04 ArbitrarySymbolDescriptionRange Values 3VMK Very much knowledgeable 2.
50-3. 00 2QK Quite knowledgeable2. 00-2. 49 1FK Fairly knowledgeable1. 50-1.
99 The following are used in the questionnaire: #05 ArbitrarySymbolDescriptionRange Values 3AP Always practiced 2. 50-3. 00 2OP Often practiced2. 00-2. 49 1SP Sometimes practice 1.
50-. 1. 99 The following are used in the questionnaire: #06 ArbitrarySymbolDescriptionRange Values 3VMA Very much applicable2. 50-3. 00 2NSA Not so applicable 2. 00-2.
49 LA Least applicable 1. 50-1. 99 Data Gathering Procedure In data gathering the researcher made the communication letter address to Mrs. Irene Salvador, the principal of the High school. Before it was approve, Mrs.
Mary Ann T. Santos, our adviser in English IV sign the communication letter. After the approval of Questionnaire the researcher will float the questionnaires to the HIGH SCHOOL students. During the actual of the questionnaire, the researcher ask the permission of the adviser and explain what the research is all about and explain to the class how they will answer my questionnaire.The researcher assists the respondents in answering the questions.
Clarifications are entertained. The questionnaire is retrieved immediately. Statistical Treatment After distribution of the questioner, raw scores of each respondent were immediately put into a tabular form. To determine the extent of Oral hygiene of High school student of Pinoma National High School in terms of Perception toward a dentist, Frequencies of visiting a dentist, Reason of visiting a dentist, Ways of caring teeth, Frequencies of toot brushing, Techniques of tooth brushing. FORMULA; x = X1W1+X2W2+X3W3…Xn n x=? x n Where: = weighted arithmetic mean X = number of respondent who answered very much agree, sometimes agree, disagree, very much, sometimes, uncertain, very much aware, much aware, least aware, very much knowledgeable, quite knowledgeable, fairly knowledgeable, always practiced, often practiced, sometimes practiced, very much applicable, not so applicable, least applicable. W = weight of respondent’s answer n = total number of respondent n = variable that may represent any numeral ?x = summation of weight arithmetic mean ENDNOTES 1.
Pagoso, cristobal m. et al. Introductory statistics for college students. Manila, Philippines: Sinag-tala Publisher In, 1992), p. 23 CHAPTER IV PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGS This chapter presents the presentation analysis and interpretation of findings.
A. The Oral hygiene of High School Student of Pinoma National High School in terms of Perception toward a dentist, Frequencies of visiting a dentist, Reason of visiting a dentist, Ways of caring teeth, Frequencies of toot brushing, Techniques of tooth brushing. Table 1 Oral Hygiene of High School Student of Pinoma National High School in terms of Perception toward a dentist : = 178 |Perception toward a dentist |Weighted Mean | Interpretation | |1. One who inflicts pain | 1. 94 |Disagree | |2. One who is an enemy | 1.
64 |Disagree | |3. One who is a friend | 2. 50 |Very much agree | |Average Weighted Mean | 2. 03 |Sometimes Agree |Table 1 presents the Oral Hygiene of High School Student of Pinoma National High School in terms of perception toward a dentist. The highest mean is 2. 50 interpreted as very much agree which states that student one who is a friend.
Second is the statement one who inflicts pain which has a weighted mean of 1. 90 interpreted as disagree. It is followed by the statement presents one who is an enemy of 1. 64 interpreted as disagree. As reflected in the table, the student sometimes agrees to the perception toward a dentist average mean of 2.
3.Hence the hypothesis stating that the student disagrees with the one who is an enemy. Most respondent strongly agreed that one who is a friend is the most observable and concrete perception toward a dentist. This implies that the respondent are more acquainted with signs one who is a friend as compare to their orientation toward one who inflicts pain and one who is an enemy. Table 2 Oral hygiene of high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of Frequencies of visiting a dentist : n=178 |Frequencies of visiting a dentist |Weighted Mean |Interpretation | |1.Every month | 1.
53 |Uncertain | |2. Twice a year | 1. 73 |Uncertain | |3. Every year | 1. 78 |Uncertain | |4. Every time tooth occurs | 2.
25 |Sometimes | |Average Weighted mean | 1. 82 |Uncertain |Table 2 present the oral hygiene of high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of Frequencies of visiting a dentist. The highest mean is 2. 25 interpreted as sometimes which states that students every time tooth occurs. Second is the statement every year which has a weighted mean of 1. 78 interpreted as uncertain.
It is followed by the statement twice a year of 1. 73 as interpreted as uncertain. Lastly the statement every month has weighted mean 1. 53 interpreted as uncertain. As reflected in the table the statement uncertain with average mean of 1. 82.
The hypothesis stating that the student uncertain frequencies of visiting a dentist in terms of every time tooth occurs is therefore accepted. The students strongly agreed that every time tooth occurs is the most observable and concrete frequencies of visiting a dentist. Basing on the research study, students in frequencies of visiting a dentist are more acquainted with signs every time tooth occurs as to their orientation every year, twice a year and every month. Table3 Oral hygiene of high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of Reason of visiting a dentist : n=178 Visiting a dentist |Weighted mean |Interpretation | |1. Tooth restoration | 1. 87 |Least aware | | | 2.
12 |Sometimes aware | |2. Tooth extraction | | | | 3. Oral Prophylaxis | 2. 04 |Sometimes aware | |4. For check-up | 2. 7 |Sometimes aware | |Average Weighted mean | 2.
05 |Sometimes aware | Table 3 presents the oral hygiene of high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of Reason of visiting. The highest mean is 2. 17 interpreted as sometimes aware which states that students for check-up. Second is the statement tooth extraction or bunot has a weighted mean of 2. 12 interpreted as sometimes aware. It is followed by the statement present oral prophylaxis or linis mean of 2.
04 interpreted as sometimes aware.Lastly the statement tooth restoration or pasta has the weighted mean of 1. 87 interpreted as sometimes aware. As reflected in the table the students sometimes aware to the reason of visiting a dentist with the average mean of 2. 05. Hence the hypothesis stating the students sometimes aware of visiting a dentist.
Students are implies that are more acquainted with signs for check-up as compare to their orientation toward tooth restoration, tooth extraction and oral and oral prophylaxis. Table 4 Oral hygiene of high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of Ways of caring teeth : =178 |Ways of caring teeth |Weighted mean |Interpretation | |1. By tooth brushing regularly | 2. 92 |Very much knowledgeable | |2. By mouth rinsing | 2. 39 |Quite knowledgeable | |3.
By eating the right kind of food | 2. 25 |Quite knowledgeable | |Average Weighted mean | 2. 2 |Very much knowledgeable | Table 4 presents the oral hygiene oh high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of Ways of caring teeth. The highest mean is 2. 92 interpreted as very much knowledgeable which states that students by tooth brushing regularly.
Second is the statement by mouth rinsing has a weighted mean of 2. 39 interpreted as quite knowledgeable. Lastly, the statement by eating the right kind of food has a weighted mean of 2. 25 interpreted as quite knowledgeable. As reflected in to the table the student are very much knowledgeable has an average weighted mean 2.
2 interpreted as very much knowledgeable. The student know the responsible in terms the way of caring there teeth. They don’t want their teeth to be destroy by not caring there teeth. So that teeth are very knowledgeable by doing tooth brushing regularly rather than by mouth rinsing and by eating a right kind of food. Table 5 Oral hygiene of high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of Frequencies of tooth brushing : n=178 |Frequencies of tooth brushing |Weighted mean |Interpretation | |1.Once a day | 1.
52 |Sometimes practiced | |2. Two time a day | 2. 5 |Always practiced | |3. Three times a day | 2. 24 |Often practiced | |4. Every after eating | 1.
79 |Sometimes practiced | |Average Weighted mean | 1. 9 |Sometimes practiced | Table 5 presents the oral hygiene oh high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of Frequencies of tooth brushing. The highest mean is 2. 5 interpreted as always practiced which states that students two times a day. Second is the statement three times a day has a weighted mean of 2.
24 interpreted as often practiced. It is followed by the statement present every after eating mean of 1. 79 as interpreted as sometimes practiced. Lastly, the statement once a day has a weighted mean of 1. 52 interpreted as sometimes practiced.
As reflected in to the table are sometimes practiced the frequencies of tooth brushing has an average weighted mean 2. 52 interpreted as sometimes practiced. This implies that the respondents are more acquainted with signs two time a day because of there short time lunch break. Some of the student will not brush their teeth after lunch break. Table 6 Oral Hygiene of High School Student of Pinoma National High School in terms of Techniques of tooth brushing : n = 178 |Perception toward a dentist |Weighted Mean | Interpretation | |1.Up and down motion | 2.
79 |Very much applicable | |2. Horizontal motion | 2. 11 |Not applicable | |3. Any direction | 1. 68 |Least applicable | |Average Weighted Mean | 2. 19 |Not applicable | Table 6 presents the Oral Hygiene of High School Student of Pinoma National High School Techniques of tooth brushing.
The highest mean is 2. 79 interpreted as very much applicable which states that students up and down motion. Second is the statement horizontal motion has a weighted mean of 2. 11 interpreted as not applicable. Lastly its any direction mean of 1. 68 interpreted as least applicable.
As reflected in the table, the student not applicable to the Techniques of tooth brushing with an average mean of 2. 19. Hence the hypothesis stating that the students techniques of tooth brushing up and down motion is therefore accepted. Most respondent strongly agreed that up and down motion is the most observable and concrete techniques of tooth brushing.This implies that the respondents are more acquainted with signs up and down motion as compare to their orientation toward horizontal motion and any direction.
CHAPTER V SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION This chapter contains the summary, findings conclusions and recommendations regarding the Oral hygiene of the high school students of Pinoma National High School. Summary This study aimed to determine the extent of Oral hygiene of high school students of Pinoma National High School. Specifically it sought to answers the question.What is the extent of Oral hygiene of the high school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of: 1. What is the common cause of dental hygiene in High school students of Pinoma National High School in terms of: a. Perception of visiting a dentist b.
Frequencies of visiting a dentist c. Reason of visiting a dentist d. Ways of caring teeth e. Frequencies of tooth brushing f. Techniques of tooth brushing 2. What are the factors that could affect the Oral habit and Oral hygiene of the students of Pinoma National High School in terms of: a.
Perception of visiting a dentist . Frequencies of visiting a dentist c. Reason of visiting a dentist d. Ways of caring teeth e. Frequencies of tooth brushing f. Techniques of tooth brushing The researcher gathered data from 178 high school student of Pinoma National High School as respondent of my study.
The researcher utilized the descriptive method of research. The Questionnaire was used in gathering data. The obtained data were tabulated, analyzed, interpreted and computed using weighted mean in order to determine the degree of oral hygiene of High school students of Pinoma National High School. Findings:Based on the gathered data, the following are the findings of the study as to the degree of oral hygiene of High School students of Pinoma National High School. a. Perception toward a dentist 1.
The high school students disagree one who inflicts pain. 2. The high school students disagree one who is enemy. 3. The high school students very much agree one who a friend. b.
Frequencies of visiting a dentist 1. The high school students uncertain every month. 2. The high school students uncertain twice a year. 3. The high school students uncertain every year.
4. The high school students sometimes every time tooth occurs. . Reason of visiting a dentist 1. The high school students least aware tooth restoration.
2. The high school students sometimes aware tooth extraction. 3. The high school students sometimes aware oral prophylaxis. 4.
The high school students sometime aware for check up. d. Ways of caring a teeth 1. The high school students very much knowledgeable by tooth brushing regularly. 2. The high school students quite knowledgeable by mouth rinsing.
3. The high school students quite knowledgeable by eating the right kind of food. e. Frequencies of tooth brushing 1. The high school students sometimes practiced one a day.
. The high school students always practiced two time a day. 3. The high school students often practiced three times a day. 4.
The high school students sometimes practiced every after eating. f. Techniques of tooth brushing 1. The high school students very much applicable up and down. 2.
The high school students not applicable horizontal motion. 3. The high school students least applicable any direction. Conclusion Based on the results and finding generated by the researcher from the stuffy in the oral hygiene of high school students of Pinoma National High School, the following conclusions were drawn. 1.
The high school students sometimes agree with the oral hygiene regarding the perception toward a dentist. 2. The high school students uncertain with oral hygiene regarding the frequencies of visiting a dentist. 3. The high school students sometime aware with oral hygiene regarding to visiting a dentist. 4.
The high school students very much knowledgeable with oral hygiene regarding the way of caring teeth. 5. The high school students sometimes practiced with oral hygiene regarding the frequencies of tooth brushing. 6. The high school students not applicable with oral hygiene regarding the techniques of tooth brushing.Recommendation Based on the result of the study the following conclusions are formulated by the researcher.
To the Respondent: For them to be on active participant in any research being conducted is however important that they should faithfully answers questionnaires as it will greatly affect the outcome of the research. Being a participant to a research enables to expose problems and voice out ideas to certain issues that may need immediate solution. To the Oral hygienists and Dentists For them motivate the children and adolescence on the proper ways of eeping their oral hygiene though proper core and tooth brushing and regular visit to the dentist in order to have a better oral hygiene condition by putting a regular check up program. Educate the children and adolescence of high school students about the importance of teeth in life so that they will be concern with their dental health. To the Academe That instructor monitors and consistently implements oral hygiene. Encourage the children and adolescence to have their regular visit to the dentist in order to have a better oral hygiene condition by putting a regular check up program.
To the students First, the students ought to fully realize the importance of oral hygiene and the benefit that comes along with it. Doing so will also give better oral hygiene. Future Researchers: From the findings of this study, there is a need to conduct further study regarding other aspects brought about by the research. This may then serve as a reference for their study they are going to undertake. ENDS NOTES 1. Jose F.
Calderon and Expectation C. Gonzales Methods of research and thesis writing. (Mandaluyung City: National Bookstore Inc, 1993), p61 2. Pagoso, cristobalM. et.
l. Introductory statistics for college students. (Manila, Philippines: Sinag-tala Publisher Inc,1992), p. 23 BIBLIOGRAPHY BOOKS Venson,Lydia M. Introduction to Research Glickman’s Clinical Periodontology by Corronza 7nd edition.
Clinical Periodontology Prophylactic and Operative Techniques in Dental Caries prevention . Clinical Periodontics Pagoso Cristobal M. and Rizana A. Monatana Introductory Statistics INTERNETS Oral Hygiene: http//www. yourdentisryguide. com/hygiene Oral hygiene: ttp://www.
Oralhealthbasis Oral Hygiene: http//www. 1800dentist. com/encyclopedia/articles/oral ww. Gafindhere. ———————– Better oral hygiene of high school High school students Oral hygiene &,234wxy‰””Yui? OA????? r? bRCb4? hK? h]oCJOJQJaJhK? h]oCJOJQJaJhK? h4oiCJH*[pic]OJQJaJhK? h]oCJH*[pic]OJQJaJhK? ha”CJOJQJaJhK? ha”CJOJQJaJ”hK? ha”5? 6? CJOJQJaJhK? h? u5? CJOJQJaJhK? ha”5? CJOJQJaJh? bh? b5? CJOJQJAmong high school students in terms of; 1. Perception toward a dentist 2.
Frequencies of visiting a dentist 3. Reason of visiting a dentist 4. Ways of caring teeth 5. Frequencies of tooth brushing 6. Technique of tooth brushing